Realism in the visual arts is a style that depicts the actuality of what the eyes can see. The term is used in different senses in art history; it may mean the same as illusionism, the representation of subjects with visual mimesis or verisimilitude, or may mean an emphasis on the actuality of subjects, depicting them without idealization, and not omitting their sordid aspects. Works may be realist in either of these senses, or both. Use of the two senses can be confusing, but depending on context the second sense is perhaps more common.

Realism as a tendency in 19th century art was related to similar movements in the theatre, literature and opera. All emphasized the depiction of everyday subjects, but by no means always discarding classical, Romantic or sentimental approaches to their treatment. The movement began in the 1850s in France. One of Gustave Courbet's most important works is A Burial at Ornans, 1849-1850, a canvas recording an event which he witnessed in September 1848. Courbet's painting of the funeral of his grand uncle became the first grand statement of the Realist style.

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Page 8 of 92   Paintings: 1100
'Acteon' beating 'Memnon' in the Great Subscription... - John Frederick Herring Snr - www.realism-in-art.org
'Acteon' beating 'Memnon' in the Great Subscription...
John Frederick Herring Snr
Battle of Cerro Gordo, April 1847 - Alonzo Chappel - www.realism-in-art.org
Battle of Cerro Gordo, April 1847
Alonzo Chappel
The Dictation Lesson, 1891 - Demetrio Cosola - www.realism-in-art.org
The Dictation Lesson, 1891
Demetrio Cosola
General Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans - Alonzo Chappel - www.realism-in-art.org
General Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans
Alonzo Chappel
Tito Melema - Edward Clifford - www.realism-in-art.org
Tito Melema
Edward Clifford
'Bay Middleton' winner of the Derby in 1836 - John Frederick Herring Snr - www.realism-in-art.org
'Bay Middleton' winner of the Derby in 1836
John Frederick Herring Snr
'Bay Middleton' with Robinson, 1836 - John Frederick Herring, Jnr. - www.realism-in-art.org
'Bay Middleton' with Robinson, 1836
John Frederick Herring, Jnr.
Luisa San Felice in Prison - Giovacchino Toma - www.realism-in-art.org
Luisa San Felice in Prison
Giovacchino Toma
Lingering Winter 1925 - Bruce Crane - www.realism-in-art.org
Lingering Winter 1925
Bruce Crane
"Birmingham" with P. Conolly up
John Frederick Herring, Jnr.
'Barefoot' ridden by Dick Goodison, 1829 - John Frederick Herring, Jnr. - www.realism-in-art.org
'Barefoot' ridden by Dick Goodison, 1829
John Frederick Herring, Jnr.
Bluebell Wood - Edward Clifford - www.realism-in-art.org
Bluebell Wood
Edward Clifford

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Page 8 of 92   Paintings: 1100